Chemical Safety Science, 2018, Volume 2, No 2, p. 272 — 285


Utilization and biodegradation of wastes

UDC 504.064.47+621.454.3                                                                Download PDF (RUS)

DOI: 10.25514/CHS.2018.2.14121



V. Yu. Meleshko1*, Yu. L. Krasnobaev2,3, V. S. Kochelaevskaya3, and M. Chervyakova3

Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia,

1Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University (MADI), Moscow, Russia

2Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great, Balashikha, Moscow region, Russia

Received October 21, 2018

Published December 26, 2018

Abstract – A new approach has been proposed to redefine the hazard class of wastes generated from utilization (disposal) of energetic materials (EM) by incineration (explosion). The approach provides two routine procedures: the first one involves revision of hazard class basing on the known elemental composition of the utilized (eliminated) EM, while the second procedure performs prediction of waste composition basing on data on its elemental composition. In the latter case, analytical data on waste composition are summarized and a “designing procedure” of chemical reactions is carried out with the subsequent analysis of complete oxidation products of waste ingredients. An algorithm for determining waste composition is proposed, which provides a simplified mechanism for determination of waste composition with representative, examples of calculations of hazard classes of EM wastes. The proposed approach will improve the accuracy of hazard assessment for EM wastes along with significant reducing the cost of utilization (disposal) of EM, as well as reducing the cost of storing these wastes at waste landfills.

Keywords: combustion, high power materials, hazardous waste, class of hazard, utilization.


1. On the Strategy of Ecological Safety of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of April 19, 2017, No. 176. Moscow, 2017 [in Russian].
2. Sanitary regulations “Sanitary rules for determining hazard class for toxic wastes of manufacturing and consumption” [in Russian].
3. Meleshko V.Yu., Krasnobaev Yu.L., Kochelaevskaya V.S. Improving system for determining hazard class of hazardous wastes generated from combustion of energetic condensed systems. Proceedings of 14 VNTK “Artillery Armament of Russia 2017”. St.Pb.: BGTU Voenmekh, 2017 [in Russian].
4. Maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) of harmful substances in the working zone air. GN [in Russian].
5. Maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) of chemicals in water of water bodies of drinking and Cultural Community Water Use. GN [in Russian].
6. Meleshko V.Yu., Krasnobaev Yu.L., Fedoseev S.A., Kulikova T.L. Assessment of environmental hazard of closed combustion technology. Proceedings of 4th All-Russian Conf. “Fundamental bases of ballistic design”. St.Pb.: BGTU Voenmekh, 2014 [in Russian].
7. Trusov B.G. Simulation of phase and chemical equilibria. M.: MGTU Baumana 2006 [in Russian].
8. Pohil P.F., Belyaev A.F., Frolov Yu.F. et al. Combustion of powdered metals in active media. M.: Nauka, 1972 [in Russian].
9. Liquid and solid rocket fuels. Ed. by Yu.Kh. Shaulov. M.: Izd. inostr. liter. 1959 [in Russian].
10. Bakhman N.N., Belyaev A.F. Burning of heterogeneous condensed systems. M.: Nauka, 1967 [in Russian].
11. Impact of rocket and space technique on the environment. Ed. by V.V. Adushkin. M.: Izd. Geos, 2006 [in Russian].
12. Procedure MC Lumex. Production and consumption wastes. FR.1.31.2016.25161 PNDF 16.3.85-17 [in Russian].
13. Meleshko V.Yu., Krasnobaev Yu.L., Zakariev G.Z. et al. Study of aluminum oxide generated from combustion of solid fuel charges. Proceedings of 4th All-Russian Conf. “Fundamental bases of ballistic design”. St.Pb.: BGTU Voenmekh, 2014 [in Russian].
14. Meleshko V.Yu., Krasnobaev Yu.L., Chukavin AI, Kachuro V.A. Directions for use of aluminum oxide generated from combustion of energetic materials. Collection of scientific papers No. 256. M.: VA RVSN, 2014 [in Russian].
15. On approval of Criteria for classifying waste into I-V hazard classes according to their negative impact on the environment”. Order No. 536 of Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation dated 04.12.2014 [in Russian].
16. Samsonov G.V., Portnoy K.I. Alloys based on refractory compounds. M.: Oborongiz, 1961 [in Russian].